'Climate change' refers to changes in the earth's temperature over the last 110 years. Since 1900, the average temperature on the planet has increased by 0.74 degrees Celsius and the UK's sea level has risen by about 10 centimetres. Further global rises and extreme weather is expected. There is overwhelming international agreement that the rate of change is due to human activity.
The Climate Change Act 2008 made the UK the first country in the world to have a legally binding long-term framework to cut carbon emissions. The Committee on Climate Change is an independent body established under the Climate Change Act to advise the UK Government on setting carbon budgets, and to report to Parliament on the progress made in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
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